Guide to the Ruth M. Reynolds Papers
1915-1989
(Bulk 1944-1983)



Archives of the Puerto Rican Diaspora
Centro de Estudios Puertorriqueños, Hunter College, CUNY
695 Park Avenue
New York, NY 10021

Phone: (212) 772-5151
Fax: (212) 650-3628
E-mail: dhernand@hunter.cuny.edu

© Centro de Estudios Puertorriqueños, Hunter College, CUNY. All rights reserved.
Centro de Estudios Puertorriqueños, Hunter College, CUNY: Publisher

Processed by Nelly V. Cruz with the assistance of Mónica Morales, August 1991, December 2003. Revised by Pedro Juan Hernández and Nélida Pérez in 2005.


Machine-readable finding aid derived from a MS Word document dated: 2005. Machine-readable finding aid created by Brian Stevens. Description is in English.

Descriptive Summary

Creator: Reynolds, Ruth M., 1916-1989.
Title: Ruth M. Reynolds Papers
Dates: 1915-1989, (Bulk 1944-1983)
Abstract: The Ruth M. Reynolds Papers can support research in important areas of Puerto Rican history as well as in North American participation in international human rights. While they are exceedingly rich in insight and information about the development of the Nationalist Party of Puerto Rico and its leader, Pedro Albizu Campos, they also contain materials on other pro-independence groups in Puerto Rico, on repression and political prisoners, and on the colonial relationship of the United States to Puerto Rico. There is also a good amount of information on the history of the University of Puerto Rico and on student movements.
Quantity: 21.25 cubic feet (48 boxes)
Call Phrase: 1990-01

Historical/Biographical Note

Ruth Mary Reynolds devoted many years of her life to the cause of Puerto Rico's independence from the United States. Greatly influenced by the Gandhian phi­losophy of non-violence, she was active in pacifist organizations and in the Presbyte­rian church. Born on February 29, 1916 in Terraville, South Dakota, Reynolds moved to New York after completing a Masters in English at Northwestern University. In New York she joined the Harlem Ashram, an interracial pacifist community, dedicated to the development of non-violent strate­gies for social change.

Reynolds' involvement with Puerto Rico began in 1943 when Julio Pinto Gandía, a member of the Nationalist Party of Puerto Rico, introduced her to Pedro Albizu Campos, the Nationalist leader. At that time, Albizu was a patient at Colum­bus Hospital in New York City. She and Albizu were to become life long friends and her activities on behalf of Puerto Rico began almost immediately. In 1944, she co-founded and became the Executive Secretary of the American League for Puerto Rico's Independence and under the auspices of this organization made her first trip to Puerto Rico in 1945. There she interviewed prominent individuals and undertook other study in order to learn about the “social, economic, and political conditions in Puerto Rico”. (Series IV, Box 18, Folder 6).

During 1946 and 1947, Reynolds lobbied at the United Nations and testified in the United States Congress on issues related to Puerto Rico. In 1948 she made a second trip to Puerto Rico, this time with the purpose of investigating the student strike at the University of Puerto Rico. Political and other life circumstances prevented the immediate publication of the extensive report analyzing the strike, which she prepared for the American League. It was not until 1990 that it was finally published under the title Campus in Bondage: A 1948 Microcosm of Puerto Rico in Bondage.

The Nationalist uprising in October 1950 led to increasing persecution and the imprisonment of Nationalist leaders including Albizu Campos and hundreds of sympathizers. Ruth Reynolds was arrested on November 2, 1950 under the repressive Gag Law or Ley de la Mordaza. She was charged with sedition and in September 1951 was found guilty and sentenced to six years of hard labor in the Insular Penitentiary. Her experiences as a prisoner at La Princesa and the Arecibo Jail are well documented in her papers.

After Reynolds' incarceration the American League for Puerto Rico's Indepen­dence was dissolved, but some members of the League organized "The Ruth Reynolds Defense Committee” and raised funds for her defense. Reynolds was released on bail in June 1952 and returned to New York. Under her leadership, the League was revived as Americans for Puerto Rico's Independence. In 1954, Reynolds won her case on appeal in the Supreme Court in Puerto Rico.

Pedro Albizu Campos was pardoned and released in 1953, but was soon impris­oned again. In March 1954 a group of four Nationalists opened fire on members of the U.S. Congress and one of the consequences of this event was Albizu’s arrest. Despite her own legal troubles, Reynolds, together with Americans for Puerto Rico's Indepen­dence and its Committee for justice to Puerto Ricans worked for the defense of Nationalist prisoners accused of subversion. Reynolds was particularly active on behalf of Albizu who was ill. In 1958 and 1959, she took part in a walk for justice across Puerto Rico organized by the Peacemakers, a pacifist group to which she belonged.

After Albizu Campos died shortly after his release in 1965, Reynolds continued her tireless efforts on behalf of the remaining political prisoners. She was, for example, a member of the Committee for the Release of the Five Nationalists, and the Secretary of the Carlos Feliciano Defense Committee. She was also active in national and international forums such as the United Nations Committee for Puerto Rican Decolonization and in the Ecumenical Committee on the Future of Puerto Rico.

Ruth Reynolds died in her native South Dakota on December 2, 1989. At a memorial for her in December 1990, speaker after speaker praised her principled commitment to human rights, which for her included the right of all nations to self-­determination.


Scope and Content Note

The Ruth M. Reynolds Papers can support research in important areas of Puerto Rican History as well as in North American participation in international human rights. While they are exceedingly rich in insight and information about the development of the Nationalist Party of Puerto Rico and its leader, Pedro Albizu Campos, they also contain materials on other independence movements in Puerto Rico, on repression and political prisoners, and on the colonial relationship of the United States to Puerto Rico. There is also a good amount of information on the history of the University of Puerto Rico and on student movements.

The collection spans the period from 1915-1989, but the bulk of the Papers date from 1944-1983. The collection is divided into nine series, which are described below.


Arrangement

Folders are arranged alphabetically.
The collection has been organized into the following series:
I. Personal and Biographical Information
II. Correspondence
III. Writings
IV. Organizational Activities
V. Puerto Rico
VI. Subject File
VII. Photographs and Graphic Material
VIII. Clippings
IX. Oral History
X. Carpeta


Restrictions

Access Restrictions

Open for research without restrictions.

Use Restrictions

Permission to publish materials must be obtained in writing from the:
Archives of the Puerto Rican Diaspora
Centro de Estudios Puertorriqueños, Hunter College, CUNY
695 Park Avenue
New York, NY 10021

Phone: (212) 772-5151
Fax: (212) 650-3628
E-mail: dhernand@hunter.cuny.edu


Access Points

Subject Names:
Albizu Campos, Pedro.
Feliciano, Carlos.
Juarbe y Juarbe,Juan.
Subject Organizations:
American League for Puerto Rico's Independence.
Partido Nacionalista Puertorriqueño
Subject Topics:
Nationalism -- Puerto Rico.
Pacifism -- Puerto Rico.
Political persecution -- Puerto Rico.
Puerto Rico -- Politics and government.
Self-determination, National -- Puerto Rico.
Student strikes -- Puerto Rico.
Document Types:
Clippings.
Correspondence.
Photographs.
Writings.


Separated Material

Approximately 500 books plus 20 cubic feet of other published materials were removed from the collection. Most were incorporated into the Library.


Administrative Information

Provenance

Gift of Ruth M. Reynolds. Blanca Vazquez was instrumental in acquiring the collection and its transfer to Centro. She also conducted the oral history interviews.

Preferred Citation

Published citations should take the following form:

Identification of item, date (if known); The Ruth M. Reynolds Papers; 1990-01; box number; folder number;
Archives of the Puerto Rican Diaspora, Centro de Estudios Puertorriqueños Archives, Hunter College, CUNY

Processing Information

Processed with a grant from the National Historical Publications and Records Commission.


Other Finding Aid

Guide to the Ruth M. Reynolds Papers available in Spanish: Spanish Version


Oral History index (Subject. . . Tape #)

Albizu Campos, Pedro. . .5-7, 11-21, 27, 33-35, 37, 42, 48, 55-57, 69, 79-81, 83, 92-96, 101

Biographical. . .12-15

Childhood. . .11

Death. . .95-96

Family. . .16-18, 19, 45, 94

Genealogy. . .11, 103

Health. . .8, 34, 56-57, 62, 68-69, 83, 93

Imprisonment. . .9, 49, 67, 68, 111

Religion. . .30

Views about Homosexuality. . .99

-----

Reynolds, Ruth M.

Albizu Campos, Pedro (First meeting). . .6, 7

Biographical. . .1-3

Family. . .77

Gender Politics. . .33, 111

Identity Issues. . .112

Imprisonment. . .47C, 49-51, 55

Pacifism. . .4-5, 7, 82, 89

Pacifist March. . .23, 25

Politics and Government. . .42, 70-74, 79, 100, 104-105

Race and Social Issues. . .63-64

Religion. . .103

Views about Homosexualty. . .4, 99

-----

Alamo Díaz, Juan. . .15-17

Albizu, Ana. . .83

Albizu, Filomena. . .16-17

Albizu, Héctor. . .19

Alvarez, Carmelo. . .75

American League for Puerto Rico's Independence. . .8, 20, 37, 53-54, 62, 67, 84

Antillean Federation . . .27

Arab-Israeli Conflict. . .65

Austin, Warren. . .9, 11

Benítez, Jaime. . .23, 25, 38

Blanco, Antonio. . .27

Bromley, Ernest & Juanita. . .87, 88

Cancel, Rafael. . .69

Castillo, Atlántida. . .101

Castillo, Papo. . .102

Castro, Fidel. . .91

Castro, Paulino. . .37

Collazo, Oscar. . .49

Committee for Justice to Puerto Ricans. . .74

Communist Party. . .20

Congreso Pro-Independencia. . .36, 91

Congress and the World Council of the Dominated Nations. . .22

Corretjer, Juan Antonio. . .15

Coto Ortíz, Pablo. . .91

Cuesta, Enamorado. . .15

Dávila Alonso, Héctor. . .93

Davis Dubois, Rachel. . .22

Decolonization Committee. . .67, 104

Díaz Díaz, Bernardo. . .97

Estado Libre Asociado. . .86

FBI. . .33, 67, 80, 82-83

Feliciano Defense Committee. . .106-107

Feliciano, Carlos. . .106-107

Gag Laws. . .35, 41, 45

Gutiérrez del Arroyo, Isabel. . .37

Harlem Ashram. . .4-5, 7

Hartford Case. . .89, 99, 100, 102

Imprisonment (comparisons . . .

between Puerto Rico and Palestine). . .51, 59

Juarbe, Juan. . .91, 97

Law (Gag laws). . . 35-36, 68

Lebrón, Gonzalo. . .82-83

Lebrón, Lolita. . .69

Luther King, Martin. . .88

Lynn, Conrad. . .55

Mantilla, Carmen. . .101

Marcantonio, Vito. . .8, 16-18

Mari Brás, Juan. . .91, 95, 96

Marti, José. . .101

Masonic Organization. . .26-27, 82

Medina, Ramírez Pedro. . .15

Meneses, Laura. . .12-15, 37, 42, 91

Mills, Juanita. . .80

Moscoso, Octavio. . .101

Muñoz Marín, Luis. . .9, 10, 36, 93, 101

Musty, A.J.. . .55

Nacho. . .77, 78

Nationalist Party. . .15, 20, 34, 41, 43, 45, 62, 67, 81-82, 107, 109-110

Negrón Nogueras, Manuel. . .37

Nelson, Wally. . .87-88

Ongay, Tomás. . .22

Pacifist Movement. . .4-5, 7, 26, 87, 88

Pan-American Olympics Games '48/'49. . .111

Partido Independentista Puertorriqueño (PIP). . .36

Peacemakers Organization. . .84-87, 90

PEN Internacional. . .101

Pérez Marchand, Laura. . .31

Philip Randolph, A.. . .7

Pinto Gandía, Julio. . .15

Ponce Massacre. . .31

Popular Democratic Party. . .22, 59

Protestant clergy. . .59, 88

Quintana, Lolín. . .34

Racism (Native Americans). . .64

Radiation Exposure. . .68-69

Religion (Catholicism and Espiritismo). . .30, 76

Revista Puerto Rico. . .15

Roldán, Julio. . .79

Santaella Blanco, Antonio. . .26

Sterilization of women in Puerto Rico. . .43, 60

Tidings Bill. . .9-11, 44

Torres, Benjamín. . .98-99, 101

Torresola, Carmen & Doris. . .60, 69, 80, 94

Truman, Harry S.. . .42, 45

U.S. imperialism (Vietnam, Central America, Grenada). . .23, 25, 66

United Nations and (Cuba's relationship to Puerto Rico). . .31, 32, 63, 67

University of Puerto Rico. . .35

Vando, Erasmo & Emelí. . .92

Vega, Bernardo. . .101

Vieques. . .34-35, 65, 110

War Resistors League. . .84

Young Lords. . .104


Container List

[The following section contains a detailed listing of the materials in the collection.]

 

Series I: Personal and Biographical Information (1937-1984)

Scope and Content:

Includes various versions of her vita, clippings mainly about her trial, announcements about public appearances on behalf of the Nationalist Party, legal documents concerning her imprisonment and a request for an habeas corpus for the release of Pedro Albizu Campos.

Box Folder Title Date
1 1 Biographical materials 1940s-1983
1 2 Legal Documents 1949-1961
1 3 Lists of Individuals and Organizations undated
1 4 Memorial 1990
1 5 Personal Documents 1940-
1 6 Public Appearances; Announcements and Flyers 1953-1984
1 7 School Diplomas 1937-1978

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Series II: Correspondence (1930-1989)

Scope and Content:

This series is divided into incoming (Boxes 2-8) and outgoing mail (Boxes 9-11) with the bulk of the correspondence in the 1950s. Most of the letters are in good condition and are written in either Spanish or English.

The correspondence from the 1940s is principally related to the lobbying efforts of the American League for Puerto Rico's Independence. From 1950 to 1952 there are numerous letters from friends and family providing support during her imprisonment. Prominent Nationalists such as Pedro Albizu Campos, Juan Juarbe y Juarbe, Paulino Castro, Oscar Collazo, Julio Pinto Gandía, Isabel Rosado and Lolita Lebrón are represented in this series.

Among the American activists represented are Conrad J. Lynn, Thelma Mielke, Pearl Buck, Julius Eichel, Jay Holmes Smith, Vito Marcantonio, Rev. A. J. Muste, and Ruth Miller. Since the 1940s, Reynolds also corresponded with Isolina Rondón who was Albizu's secretary. Fortunately, Reynolds kept copies of most of her outgoing correspondence.

Incoming Correspondence: 1930 - 1989

Box Folder Title Date
2 1-5 Incoming Correspondence 1930-1950
2 6 January to December 1951 1951
Box Folder Title Date
3 1-5 Incoming Correspondence (January to December 1953) 1953
3 6-7 Incoming Correspondence 1954-1955
3 8-9 January to December 1956 1956
Box Folder Title Date
4 1-2 Incoming Correspondence 1957-1958
4 3 January to December 1959 1959
4 5 1960 1960
4 6- January to December 1961 1961
Box Folder Title Date
5 1-3 Incoming Correspondence 1962-1964
5 4-5 January to December 1965 1965
5 6-9 Incoming Correspondence 1966-1969
Box Folder Title Date
6 1 1970 1970
6 2-3 January to December 1971 1971
6 4-8 Incoming Correspondence 1972-1976
Box Folder Title Date
7 1-2 January to December 1977 1977
7 3-8 Incoming Correspondence 1978-1989
Box Folder Title Date
8 1-6 Incoming Correspondence undated
8 7 Incomplete undated
8 8 Pedro Albizu Campos 1947-1948

Outgoing Correspondence: 1937 - 1985

Box Folder Title Date
9 1-8 Outgoing Correspondence 1937-1960
Box Folder Title Date
10 1-8 Outgoing Correspondence 1961-1974
Box Folder Title Date
11 1-5 Outgoing Correspondence 1975-1985
11 6-8 Outgoing Correspondence undated
11 9 Incomplete undated
11 10 Pedro Albizu Campos 1948

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Series III: Writings (1941-1984)

Scope and Content:

This series spans 1941-1984 and is divided into the following sub-series: articles, speeches and statements, book manuscripts and drafts, testimonial writings, transcripts of interviews, and translations. Included are drafts of the report Reynolds wrote in Puerto Rico in 1945 for the American League with notes by Pedro Albizu Campos. There are also drafts of her 1948 report on the strike at the University of Puerto Rico including a Spanish translation by Juan Juarbe y Juarbe titled "La responsabilidad es nuestra."

The writings reflect her wide-ranging interests and reveal something of her personal life, especially her youth in South Dakota.

Box Folder Title Date
12 1-3 Articles, speeches and statements 1940-1980
12 4-7 Articles, speeches and statements undated
Box Folder Title Date
13 1-7 Articles, speeches and statements undated
Box Folder Title Date
14 1-2 Report to the American League for Puerto Rico's Independence 1945
14 3-4 Campus in Bondage. Manuscript 1950
Box Folder Title Date
15 1 Campus in Bondage. Manuscript 1950
15 2 La Responsabilidad es Nuestra, Translated by Juan Juarbe y Juarbe. 1950
15 3-4 Various Writings undated
Box Folder Title Date
16 1-2 Testimonial Writings 1950
16 3-6 Transcripts of Interviews 1945
Box Folder Title Date
17 1 Translations. Various undated
17 2-5 Translation. Bolivar y Las Antillas Hispanas undated
17 6-8 Laura Meneses de Albizu Campos. "Albizu Campos and the independence of Puerto Rico"; Translation and prologue by Ruth M. Reynolds. undated

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Series IV: Organizational Activities (1941-1984)

Scope and Content:

Reynolds was an active participant in most of the organizations represented in this series. She was among the founders and organizers of the American League for Puerto Rico's Independence, Americans for Puerto Rico's independence, the Committee for Justice to Puerto Ricans, the Committee to Defend Carlos Feliciano, and the Committee to Free the Five Puerto Rican Nationalists. She also helped organize the Peacemaker's walk across Puerto Rico to protest United States policies toward the island. The correspondence that is included demonstrates the national scope of these organizations and their diverse participation.

The series also contains records of the Ruth Reynolds Defense Committee which was active in fundraising on her behalf and which was instrumental in her release.

Among the types of materials included are correspondence, minutes, reports, position statements and fliers.

Box Folder Title Date
18 1 American Civil Liberties Union 1946-1953
18 2-4 American League for Puerto Rico's Independence 1944-1954, undated
18 5-7 American League for Puerto Rico's Independence. Correspondence 1944-1950
Box Folder Title Date
19 1-2 Americans for Puerto Rico's Independence 1952-1978
19 3 Americans for Puerto Rico's Independence. Correspondence 1952-1978
19 4-5 Americans for Puerto Rico's Independence. Publications 1953-1980
Box Folder Title Date
20 1 Comité Pro-Vida de Oscar Collazo 1950
20 2 Comité Pro-Vida de Oscar Collazo. Correspondence 1948-1954
20 3 Commission of Inquiry into Political Repression in Puerto Rico. Center for Constitutional Rights 1970s
20 4 Committee for Justice to Puerto Ricans 1954-1956
20 5 Committee for Justice to Puerto Ricans. Correspondence 1953-1956
20 6 Committee for Puerto Rican Decolonization 1970s
20 7 Committee for the Release of Puerto Rican Prisoners 1951-1984
20 8 Committee to Defend Carlos Feliciano 1970-1975
20 9 Committee to Defend Carlos Feliciano. Clippings 1970s
20 10 Committee to Defend Carlos Feliciano. Correspondence 1970-1977
Box Folder Title Date
21 1-2 Committee to Defend Carlos Feliciano. Flyers 1970-1975
21 3-5 Committee to Defend Carlos Feliciano. Legal Briefs/Documents 1970-1972
Box Folder Title Date
22 1 Committee to Defend Carlos Feliciano. Legal Briefs/Documents 1973-1974
22 2-4 Committee to Defend Carlos Feliciano. Statements 1971-1974, undated
22 5 Defense Committees, Various 1973-1982
22 6 Ecumenical Committee on the Future of Puerto Rico 1983
22 7 Fellowship of Reconciliation 1944-1959
Box Folder Title Date
23 1 Madison Avenue Presbyterian Church 1941-1980
23 2 Madison Avenue Presbyterian Church. Social Action Committee 1972-1981
23 3 National Council of Churches 1953-1980
23 4 Oficina de Información Internacional para la Independencia de Puerto Rico 1981-1982
23 5 Partido Nacionalista de Puerto Rico. Junta de Nueva York 1951-1979
23 6-8 Peacemakers 1951-1962
23 9 Peacemakers , Correspondence 1952-1962
Box Folder Title Date
24 1 Peacemakers. Flyers 1959
24 2 Puerto Rican Solidarity Committee 1975-1984
24 3 Ruth Reynolds Defense Committee 1951
24 4-7 Ruth Reynolds Defense Committee. Correspondence 1950-1954
24 8 U.S. Committee to Free the Five Puerto Rican Nationalists 1977-1978
24 9 U.S. Committee for Justice to Latin American Political Prisoners 1968-1977
24 10 U.S. Committee for Puerto Rican Decolonization 1977-1978
Box Folder Title Date
25 1-4 Vieques. General 1978-1981
25 5 Various Articles 1981
Box Folder Title Date
26 1 Various Articles. Comité Nacional Pro Defensa de Vieques undated
26 2 Various Articles. Comité Nacional Pro Defensa de Vieques. New York Committee in Support of Vieques 1981-1983
26 3-4 Vieques Support Network 1979-1982
26 5 Young Lords Organization 1972

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Series V: Puerto Rico (1915-1988)

Scope and Content:

These documents are divided into sub-series as follows: The Nationalist Party of Puerto Rico, nationalist leaders, political organizations, the University of Puerto Rico, and a subject file of various topics. The bulk of the materials are related to the Nationalist Party and Pedro Albizu Campos.

The series includes legal documents, official party documents, drafts of writings, speeches, fliers, correspondence, and published articles.

Partido Nacionalista de Puerto Rico;

Box Folder Title Date
27 1 Boletín de Prensa 1960-1961
27 2 Correspondence 1947-1979
27 3-5 Flyers 1948-1982, undated
27 6-7 Leaders 1949-1976
Box Folder Title Date
28 1 Leaders 1954-1980
28 2-3 Legal Documents 1949-1980
28 4-5 Movimiento Libertador de Puerto Rico 1954-1974
28 6-7 Political Prisoners 1951-1983
28 8 Position Statements 1932-1957
Box Folder Title Date
29 1 Position Statements 1963-1980
29 2 Publications 1960-1973
29 3 Reglamento undated
29 4-5 Secretaria de Relaciones Exteriores 1950-1954
29 6-7 Supporters 1944
29 8 United Nations 1961-1980

Pedro Albizu Campos

Box Folder Title Date
30 1 Personal Documents 1967
30 2 Incoming Correspondence 1944-1948
30 3 Outgoing Correspondence 1915-1948
30 4 Writings 1948-1949
30 5 Flyers and Memorabilia 1961-1970
30 6 The People of Puerto Rico vs. Luis F. Velázquez 1935
30 7-9 Legal Briefs/Documents 1953-1964
Box Folder Title Date
31 1-2 Articles about 1954-1984
31 3 Articles on his physical condition 1954-1956
31 4-6 Case of Dr. Rhoads 1932-1988, undated
31 7 Laura Meneses de Albizu Campos, Articles 1950-1961
31 8 Filomena Albizu Campos 1919-1960

Political Organizations

Box Folder Title Date
32 1 Acción Patriótica Unitaria 1959-1965
32 2 Movimiento Pro-Independencia de Puerto Rico 1964-1978
32 3 Partido Estadista Republicano 1956
32 4-6 Partido Independentista Puertorriqueño 1946-1971
32 7 Pro Independence Christian Groups 1948-1971
32 8 Pro Independence Groups 1945-1983

University of Puerto Rico

Box Folder Title Date
33 1 Federación Nacional de Estudiantes Puertorriqueños 1937-1970
33 2 Federación de Universitarios Pro-Independencia 1958-1974
33 3-4 Universidad de Puerto Rico 1948-1959
33 5 Benítez, Jaime 1943-1959
33 6 Correspondence 1944-1967
33 7 Fliers 1948-1970
33 8 President's Report 1942-1945
33 9 Student Organizations 1959-1970

Subject File

Box Folder Title Date
34 1 Colegio de Abogados de Puerto Rico 1945-1987
34 2 Flyers. Puerto Rico Related Issues 1940
34 3 El Guacio Christian Service Center 1950
34 4 International Solidarity with Puerto Rico's Independence 1939-1974
34 5 Masones - Gran Oriente Nacional de Puerto Rico 1948-1982
34 6 National Ecumenical Movement of Puerto Rico 1979-1984
34 7 Patriotic Poems undated
34 8 Puerto Rico's colonial status and independence issues 1951-1983
34 9 Servicio Militar Obligatorio 1948-1968

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Series VI: Subject File (1927-1985)

Scope and Content:

This series contains the personal documents of close friends of Reynolds who were also members of the pacifist movement. Additionally, there is general information about diverse organizations in New York and other issues of interest to Reynolds such as religion, pacifism, and militarism.

Box Folder Title Date
35 1 Church and Pacifism 1945-1977
35 2 Cuba 1940-1978
35 3 Eichel, Julius & Seymour Correspondence 1956-1957
35 4-6 Manorama R. Modak 1953-1984
35 7 Manorama R. Modak. Manuscript undated
35 8 Margarite Modak. Personal documents 1934-1984
Box Folder Title Date
36 1 Flyers 1940
36 2-3 Flyers, New York Political Organizations 1940
36 4 Conrad J. Lynn 1951-1964
36 5 Marion Overholt. Personal Papers 1927-1973
36 6 Pacifist organizations 1940-1985
36 7-8 U.S. Army 1958-1965

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Series VII: Photographs and Graphic Material (1910 - 1980's)

Scope and Content:

The series contains photographs of Reynolds, the activities and the membership of the organizations to which she belonged; photographs of Albizu Campos, Nationalist Party activities and the 1950s revolt, and demonstrations against the U.S. Navy. An oversized box contains posters and enlarged photographs.

Photographs

Box Folder Title Date
37 1 Ruth M. Reynolds, Portraits 1930s-1980's
37 2-3 Ruth M. Reynolds and others at various activities 1930s-1980's
37 4 Ruth M. Reynolds Defense Committee 1951
37 5 Americans for Puerto Rico's Independence 1963
37 6 Committee to Defend Carlos Feliciano 1970s
37 7 Peacemakers 1959-1960
Box Folder Title Date
38 1 Pedro Albizu Campos, Portraits 1930s-1953
38 2 Pedro Albizu Campos, Various events 1910s-1951
38 3 Pedro Albizu Campos, Relatives undated
38 4 Oscar Collazo and relatives undated
38 5 Lolita Lebrón 1950s
Box Folder Title Date
39 1-2 1950 Revolts 1950
39 3 Demonstrations in Culebra and Vieques 1970s
39 4 Masacre de Ponce 1937
Box Folder Title Date
40 1 Political rallies in Puerto Rico 1940s
40 2 Universidad de Puerto Rico 1948
40 3 Various people 1930s
40 4 Negatives 1940s

Oversized Documents

Box Folder Title Date
OS_VII 1 Reynolds, Ruth M. "Within the Regime, Against the Regime", Liberation. Jun 1956
OS_VII 2-3 Reynolds, Ruth M. "Puerto Rican Political Prisoners-1964", Part I and II. The Minority of One, October 1964 & November 1964 1964
OS_VII 4 Song of the Ghost Dance, Program. 1969

Posters

Box Folder Title Date
OS_VII 5 65 Años De Coloniaje Yanki, Independencia Ahora Movimiento Pro Independencia 1963
OS_VII 6 Albizu Campos, Pedro by Rodriguez Torres Jan 1940
OS_VII 7 Albizu Campos, Pedro, Partido Nacionalista undated
OS_VII 8 Albizu Campos, Pedro undated
OS_VII 9 Albizu Campos, Pedro undated
OS_VII 10 La Bandera De Octubre, Loor A Los Heroes Del 30 De Octubre De 1950 undated
OS_VII 11 Libertad Para Carlos Feliciano, Committee to Defend Carlos Feliciano 1970s
OS_VII 12 Por La Libertad De Los Presos Politicos, September 23 1971
OS_VII 13 Por Las Calles De Mi Patria, Grupo Taoné, September 20 1985

Photographs

Box Folder Title Date
OS_VII 14 Albizu Campos, Filomena, Portrait undated
OS_VII 15 Commemoration of the Grito de Lares, Celebrants. September 23 1969
OS_VII 16 Commemoration of the Grito de Lares, Speakers Platform September 23 1969
OS_VII 20 Demonstrations in Vieques, Fishermen Challenging U.S Marines 1970s
OS_VII 21 Demonstrations in Vieques, Isabel Rosado Being Arrested 1970s
OS_VII 17 Masacre de Ponce 1937
OS_VII 18 Negatives, Vieques 1970s
OS_VII 19 Sheaffe, Gaston. Portrait undated

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Series VIII: Clippings (1922-1986)

Scope and Content:

Throughout her life, Reynolds kept clippings mainly related to Puerto Rican issues. Included are six folders of clippings from Spanish-language papers translated into English.

Box Folder Title Date
41 1-13 Clippings 1922-1954
Box Folder Title Date
42 1-9 Clippings 1955-1963
Box Folder Title Date
43 1-10 Clippings 1964-1978
Box Folder Title Date
44 1-5 Clippings 1979-1986, undated
44 6-11 Clippings, Translations 1932-1968, undated

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Series X: Oral History (1985-1986)

Scope and Content:

There are one hundred and eleven one-hour audio tapes and a partial transcript of interviews conducted by Blanca Vázquez of the Centro de Estudios Puertorriqueños from June 11, 1985 to May 29, 1986. The tapes include: Ruth Reynolds' personal and family history as well as an exposition of her religious beliefs and philosophy. They contain detailed accounts of Reynolds' participation in Nationalist Party activities and such events as the October 1950 Nationalist uprising. The tapes are rich in information on many other themes especially the life of Pedro Albizu Campos and the 1948 student strike at the University of Puerto Rico.

Audiotapes 28, 29 and 46 are missing; and there are no transcripts available for tapes 24, 28, 29, 46, 47A/B and 108.

Box Item Title Date
45 1-3 Audio tape Jun 11, 1985
45 4-6 Audio tape Jun 21, 1985
45 7-9A Audio tape Jun 26, 1985
45 9B-11A Audio tape Jul 11, 1985
45 11B-14A Audio tape Jul 15, 1985
45 14B-16A Audio tape Jul 17, 1985
45 16B-19A Audio tape Jul 22, 1985
45 19B-21 Audio tape Jul 24, 1985
45 22-24A Audio tape Jul 29, 1985
45 24B-26 Audio tape Aug 15, 1985
45 27 Audio tape Aug 19, 1985
45 30 Audio tape Aug 21, 1985
45 31-33 Audio tape Aug 26, 1985
45 34-36 Audio tape Sep 3, 1985
45 37-39 Audio tape Sep 5, 1985
Box Item Title Date
46 40-43A Audio tape Sep 9, 1985
46 43B-44 Audio tape Sep 11, 1985
46 45A/45 Audio tape Undated
46 45 Audio tape Sep 16, 1985
46 47B-C Audio tape Sep 18, 1985
46 48-50 Audio tape Sep 25, 1985
46 51-54A Audio tape Oct 1, 1985
46 54A-56A Audio tape Oct 3, 1985
46 57-58 Audio tape Oct 7, 1985
46 59-60 Audio tape Oct 24, 1985
46 61-63A Audio tape Oct 28, 1985
46 63B-64 Audio tape Nov 20, 1985
46 65-66 Audio tape Nov 25, 1985
46 67-69 Audio tape Nov 27, 1985
46 70-71A Audio tape Dec 2, 1985
46 71B-72 Audio tape Jan 24, 1986
46 73 Audio tape Undated
46 74-75 Audio tape Jan 29, 1986
46 76 Audio tape Jan 31, 1986
46 77-78 Audio tape Feb 1, 1986
Box Item Title Date
47 79-80 Audio tape Feb 6, 1986
47 81-82 Audio tape Feb 13, 1986
47 83-84 Audio tape Feb 19, 1986
47 85-86A Audio tape Feb 21, 1986
47 86B-89A Audio tape Mar 4, 1986
47 89B-91 Audio tape Mar 6, 1986
47 92-93 Audio tape Mar 11, 1986
47 94-95A Audio tape Mar 13, 1986
47 95B-97A Audio tape Apr 3, 1986
47 97B-98 Audio tape Apr 8, 1986
47 99-100 Audio tape Apr 29, 1986
47 101-102 Audio tape May 1, 1986
47 103-105 Audio tape May 7, 1986
47 106-107A Audio tape May 13, 1986
47 107B-108 Audio tape May 20, 1986
47 109-110A Audio tape May 22, 1986
47 110B-112 Audio tape May 29, 1986

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Series VIII: Carpeta (1948-1976)

Scope and Content:

The carpetas are secret files compiled by the Intelligence Division of the Police Department of Puerto Rico and the Bureau of Special Investigations of the Department of Justice of Puerto Rico. All those considered subversives were subject to this type of persecution. Included were prominent leaders of the independence movement, socialists, communists, and others expressing dissent with the government of the U.S. or Puerto Rico and their policies. This series contains five large volumes of surveillance records that provide a detailed accounting of Ruth M. Reynolds activities and her whereabouts for more than four decades. Included is information about meetings she attended, and organizations and individuals she worked with. There are copies of her speeches, surveillance reports, clippings, and numerous other items. The carpetas are evidence of the repressive tactics used by the Puerto Rican government against its citizens and document the flagrant violation of their civil rights.

Box Item Title Date
48 1 General undated, 1993
48 2 000001-000097 Sep 5, 1976-Nov 1, 1962
48 3 000098-000222 Jul 25, 1959-Nov 18, 1954
48 4 000223-000310 Oct 9, 1954-Oct 16, 1948

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